Land And [BETTER] Freedom(1995)
According to Ken Loach, the most important scene of the film is the debate in an assembly of a village successfully liberated by the militia. People from the actual village where the film was shot play peasant parts in the film and express their thoughts freely (despite language difficulties), and a debate ensues about whether or not to collectivize the village land and that of the recently shot priest. An American with the POUM militia argues that the war effort must come first, suggesting that collectivization and other revolutionary actions might hamper that effort. He mentions that if such actions and the slogans accompanying them continue, they will not gain the support of powerful capitalist regimes such as the United States and Britain[clarification needed] ("You're scaring them", he says). The necessity of a contemporaneous war and revolution is expressed by a German militiaman, who says that 'in Germany revolution was postponed and now Hitler is in power'. In the end the villagers vote for collectivization, thereby taking steps on a far-left path. In the anarchist and socialist controlled areas this kind of expropriation of land was common, as the civil war was accompanied by a social revolution.
Land and Freedom(1995)
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The soldiers and the locals are arguing about collectivisation. Many of the fighters want to see the immediate end of private property and the beginning of collectivised industry. However there are others in the room who do not wish to give up their land, or who are concerned that too left-wing an agenda will lose them any chance of gaining support from capitalist democracies, which they think is necessary for victory.
The story of Land and Freedom follows a similar path to that of The Wind That Shakes the Barley, a later more polished Ken Loach movie about the war for independence in Ireland. In both cases, the guerrilla army fights against a common enemy, but finally the hopes for a new and more representative society are quashed by the statists on their own side.
Im Jahre 1936 entschließt sich der junge Erwerbslose David Carr, ein englischer Kommunist, nach Spanien in den Kampf gegen das Franco-Regime zu ziehen. Weil er die Grenze nach Spanien in Katalonien überquert hat, lernt er in einem Eisenbahnwagen durch Zufall Angehörige der POUM-Miliz kennen. So landet er in Barcelona in dem Ausbildungslager der POUM und kommt danach zu einer Kompanie unter Führung von Lawrence an die Aragon-Front. In dieser Kompanie kämpfen Frauen, wie die enthusiastische Maite, und Männer gleichberechtigt. Es sind viele ausländische Freiwillige unter den Kämpfern, wie der Franzose Bernard und der Ire Coogan, der mit der spanischen Kämpferin Blanca ein Liebesverhältnis hat. Der gemeinsame Antifaschismus eint die Kämpfer, so dass die Stimmung kooperativ, freundschaftlich ist. Wichtige Fragen des Kampfes werden ausdiskutiert und per Abstimmung entschieden. Es gibt keine Salutieren, auch Offiziere werden gewählt. Jedoch in dem Frontabschnitt passiert wenig. Es ist Stellungskrieg. Man liegt den Franco-Truppen gegenüber und belauert sich. Läuse, Langeweile und die schlechte Ausrüstung sind die vorherrschenden Probleme.
My favorite scene in the entire film was after they liberated a village and the villagers come together to decide what should happen with the land the fascists had owned/occupied. There are voices for immediate communalization, there are suggestions that it should be divided among the people and farmed separately. Questions arise whether idealism is sustainable without food and whether compromises ruin the revolution or make the revolution possible. Interesting points are raised and the audience is invited to think and decide for themselves.
Autumn 1936, a young communist from Liverpool, leaves his country to intervene in the spanish civil war side by side among anarchist comrades. Equality between people, abolishment of social classes and collectivization of the land are the ideals to defend. But soon David realizes that the enemies are not only on the fascist side: the tensions between the leftist factions that supported the recently constituted republic, materialized in direct confrontation with his new friends, are a direct threat to victory.The movie portrays how the difficulties of articulating ideological diversity in the midst of the spanish civil war that was the cause and consequence of this historical context, with genuine dialogues and characterization of the peasant population of that time.
Poor Cow (1967) Kes (1969) The Save the Children Fund Film (1971) Family Life (1971) Black Jack (1979) The Gamekeeper (1980) Looks and Smiles (1981) Which Side Are You On? (1984) Fatherland (1986) Hidden Agenda (1990) Riff-Raff (1990) Raining Stones (1993) Ladybird Ladybird (1994) Land and Freedom (1995) A Contemporary Case for Common Ownership (1995) Carla's Song (1996) The Flickering Flame (1997) My Name Is Joe (1998) Bread and Roses (2000) The Navigators (2001) Sweet Sixteen (2002) Ae Fond Kiss... (2004) The Wind That Shakes the Barley (1933) It's a Free World... (2007) Looking for Eric (2009) Route Irish (2010) The Angels' Share (2012) The Spirit of '45 (2013) Jimmy's Hall (2014) I, Daniel Blake (2016) Sorry We Missed You (2019)
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